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# Distances on the Number Line 2

## Task

On the number line above, the numbers $a$ and $b$ are the same distance from $0$. What is $a+b$? Explain how you know.

## IM Commentary

The purpose of this task is meant to reinforce students' understanding of rational numbers as points on the number line and to provide them with a visual way of understanding that the sum of a number and its additive inverse (usually called its "opposite") is zero. Students should have lots of opportunities to represent adding specific rational numbers before they work on answering this one.

## Solution

We are given that $a$ and $b$ are the same distance from zero. However, from the above number line we can see that $a$ and $b$ are on different sides of zero. We can visualize this by representing $a$ and $b$ as directed distances on the number line:

If we start at zero and move $a$ units to the right, and then move the same number of units to the left, we will be back at 0.

We can also represent this symbolically. Since $a$ and $b$ are the same distance from zero but are on opposite sides of zero, we know that they are opposites, so $b = -a$. The sum of a number and its opposite is always zero.

## Distances on the Number Line 2

On the number line above, the numbers $a$ and $b$ are the same distance from $0$. What is $a+b$? Explain how you know.

## Comments

Log in to comment## Peter Cincotta says:

about 5 yearsI like this task. I think it is a good way to help a teacher to determine a student's level of understanding of abstractness on the number line as well as directed distances. I particularly like that there is no mention and no hint of a suggestion that the number represented by "b" is negative or less than zero.