## Task

The diagram below can be used to represent 40 + 80 = 120 if a small square represents 10 and a group of ten squares represents 100:

It can also represent 0.04 + 0.08 = 0.12 if a small square represents 0.01 and a group of ten squares represents 0.1.

- Name at least two more sums it can represent. What does a small square represent? What does a group of ten squares represent?

Draw a diagram to represent each of the following sums. Describe what the small squares in your diagram represent.

- 0.005 + 0.002
- 0.0008 + 0.0006
- 0.00007 + 0.00003

## IM Commentary

This is the first in a set of three tasks generalizing the addition algorithm shown below from whole numbers to all base-ten numbers. [Part 1, Part 2, Part 3]

The goal of this task is to demonstrate that since digits in the same place represent the same-sized units, we can always add digits in the same place. If they sum to more than ten, the ten units can be bundled together into a unit that goes with the place to the left, which we represent by placing a 1 in the place to the left. The idea in the given diagram (addition and place value with regrouping) should be familiar to students. In grade 5, students worked with decmals to the hundredths place. This task builds on existing understanding to show that the idea generalizes to any place in a base-ten number.

In part (a), there is nothing stopping students from deciding that a square can represent any value (as shown in a.iv. in the solution below). While this approach should be acknowledged as correct, it doesn't support the goal of generalizing steps in the algorithm. Classroom discussion should focus on solutions where a square represents a power of ten.

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