Task
Materials
 Pocket chart
 Sentence strip
 Square pieces of paper for each student
 Popsicle sticks
Setup
Write a question that has three choices as an answer on a sentence strip. For example,
“Which flavor of ice cream do you like best?”
Put the three categories on the bottom of the pocket chart. For example,
Chocolate Vanilla Strawberry
Write interpretation questions on the popsicle sticks. For example,
 “How many students answered this question?”
 “Which has the most?”
 “Which has the fewest?”
 “Are any the same?”
 “How many are in each category?”
Actions
Begin with all students sitting together in the meeting area. Read the question aloud to the students, and ask individual students to answer the question by putting a paper square above their answer. Ensure that as each child answers, they put their paper above the previous square, not to the side of the square. When each child has answered, you will have a bar graph with three categories.
Draw a popsicle stick and model answering the question to the whole group. Divide students into five groups and have each group pick a popsicle stick. Students then read the question on the popsicle stick, discuss the question as a group, and then answer it in front of the class using the graph as a model to defend their answer.
IM Commentary
The purpose of this task is for students to represent and interpret categorical data. In first grade, a bar graph is a bit advanced, but the task itself is on the easy end for second grade. So this task could be used with advanced first graders or second graders just beginning to work with bar graphs.

Before students answer their question in front of the group, ensure that each group understands their question and is able to defend their answer using the graph.

This activity can become a daily math routine that can be done during calendar or as a transition to start the morning.

English language learners can benefit from sentence frames such as:
 “__________ students answered this question.”
 “More students answered __________.”
 “Fewer students answered __________.”
 “__________ and __________ have the same number of students that answered.”
 “__________ students answered __________.”

As students become familiar with this activity, you may want to ask higherlevel interpretation questions such as
 “How many more/less are in __________ than __________?”
 “Which category did more than half of the students answer?”

The teacher can also pull popsicle sticks and ask individual students to answer the question if time does not allow for small group discussion.

Other questions to ask students as variations on this task:
 “How do you get to school?” Possible categories: bus, walk, car/truck
 “Which animal do you like best?” Possible categories: dog, cat, bird
 “Do you have siblings?” Possible categories: brother, sister, none
 “Which food do you like best?” Possible categories: pizza, spaghetti, chicken nuggets
 “Which activity do you like to do best at recess?"Possible categories: swing, slide, dig
Solution
Once students have all placed their squares in the pocket chart, you will have a bar graph with three categories. Here are some examples of student answers to two of the questions:
How many students answered this question?
“Eighteen students answered the question. I know because I counted up all the squares and there are 18 of them.”
Which has the most?
“Chocolate has the most students who prefer it. I know because the bar for chocolate is taller than the bars for the other flavors.”
Comments
Log in to commentMarcy says:
over 4 yearsThis illustration might be better aligned with 2.MD.10. In reading about 1.MD.4 in the Progression Document on Categorical data, grade 1 students "begin to organize and represent categorical data." Grade 2 students "make a bar graph to represent categorical data..." Thank for the opportunity to offer feedback! Illustrative is my favorite site for resources!
Kristin says:
over 4 yearsDear memyers,
This is a tricky pointthe standard says "represent data" but doesn't specify how. I think you are right that this is a bit advanced for first grade, and as an instructional task, that is ok. However, I'll add something to the commentary and crossalign it for second grade to address your point.
Thanks!