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Using lengths to represent equality


Alignments to Content Standards: 1.OA.D.7

Task

Materials

Cuisenaire rods or paper strips cut to whole centimeter lengths

Actions

Students work in pairs.

  • One student puts a few rods (or strips) end-to-end.

  • The other student matches that length with a different combination of rods (or strips).

  • When two different ways of making the same length are found, the students write a number sentence reflecting the equality.

For example, if the first student uses a rod of length 4, a rod of length 2 and a rod of length 1 and the second student uses three rods of length 2 and a rod of length 1 (as shown below), they should write $4+2+1=2+2+2+1.$

Cuisenaire3_4c017d0c1da6eb28a505495447b60ab7

$${\Large 4+2+1=2+2+2+1}$$

IM Commentary

  • The act of trying to find equal lengths with the rods helps students develop a physical understanding for the meaning of equality. Students are more likely to generate and understand complex equalities than they would be able to do only abstractly.

  • A variation that would help scaffold students from physical objects to drawings would be to have them draw a color-matched picture of their Cuisenaire rods on graph paper in addition to writing the equation. For example, a student might draw the following picture for the example given in the task statement:

    4_a68c9290fe43aab97e1c4fd6d80fc558

  • One variation may include having the teacher choose one (larger) Cuisenaire rod. Then each student in each pair would match that length. From there, the students write a number sentence describing an equality based on the rods they chose. This variation connects to 1.MD.1 and 1.MD.2 as well as 1.OA.7. Some students may need a small white board or paper to record how they made their long rod as they create it; otherwise some students might forget which rods they chose.

Solution

For example, if the first student arranges Cuisenaire end to end like this (in this example there are 3 rods) Cuisinaire3_ddefb73c15e574231451e55a157a12c4

then the second student could use Cuisenaire rods to match the total length like this Cuisinaire4_66f60ecdfcccfa004361befced74fce0

The two students then write a number sentence to describe the relationship. $$\large{3+2+2=4+1+1+1}$$