S-MD.B.5. Weigh the possible outcomes of a decision by assigning probabilities to payoff values and finding expected values.

    S-MD.B.5.a. Find the expected payoff for a game of chance. For example, find the expected winnings from a state lottery ticket or a game at a fast-food restaurant.

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    S-MD.B.5.b. Evaluate and compare strategies on the basis of expected values. For example, compare a high-deductible versus a low-deductible automobile insurance policy using various, but reasonable, chances of having a minor or a major accident.

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