8.NS.A.1. Know that numbers that are not rational are called irrational. Understand informally that every number has a decimal expansion; for rational numbers show that the decimal expansion repeats eventually, and convert a decimal expansion which repeats eventually into a rational number.
8.NS.A.2. Use rational approximations of irrational numbers to compare the size of irrational numbers, locate them approximately on a number line diagram, and estimate the value of expressions (e.g., $\pi^2$). For example, by truncating the decimal expansion of $\sqrt{2}$, show that $\sqrt{2}$ is between $1$ and $2$, then between $1.4$ and $1.5$, and explain how to continue on to get better approximations.