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8.NS Irrational Numbers on the Number Line
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8.NS Irrational Numbers on the Number Line

Alignments to Content Standards

  • Grade 8
    NS: The Number System
    Know that there are numbers that are not rational, and approximate them by rational numbers.
    Use rational approximations of irrational numbers to compare the size of irrational numbers, locate them approximately on a number line diagram, and estimate the value of expressions (e.g., $\pi^2$). For example, by truncating the decimal expansion of $\sqrt{2}$, show that $\sqrt{2}$ is between $1$ and $2$, then between $1.4$ and $1.5$, and explain how to continue on to get better approximations.


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Without using your calculator, label approximate locations for the following numbers on the number line.

  1. $\pi$

  2. $-(\frac12 \times \pi)$

  3. $2\sqrt2$

  4. $\sqrt{17}$



When students plot irrational numbers on the number line, it helps reinforce the idea that they fit into a number system that includes the more familiar integer and rational numbers. This is a good time for teachers to start using the term "real number line" to emphasize the fact that the number system represented by the number line is the real numbers. When students begin to study complex numbers in high school, they will encounter numbers that are not on the real number line (and are, in fact, on a "number plane"). This task could be used for assessment, or if elaborated a bit, could be used in an instructional setting.


Solution: Solution
  1. $\pi$ is slightly greater than 3.

  2. $-(\frac12 \times \pi)$ is slightly less than $-1.5$.
  3. $(2\sqrt2)^2 = 4\cdot2=8$ and $3^2=9$, so $2\sqrt2$ is slightly less than 3.
  4. $\sqrt{16} = 4$, so $\sqrt{17}$ is slightly greater than 4.


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